ASSESSMENT OF GREENHOUSE GASES EMISSION PATTERN IN A TYPICAL NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY CAMPUS: A CASE STUDY OF BAYERO UNIVERSITY, KANO NEW CAMPUS
Publication Date : 10/05/2020
Protection of the environment from the adverse effects of climate change has been at the front burner of discussions globally. Increase in the emission of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions occasioned by industrialisation and an average increase in the income of individuals has been identified as one of the main reasons for the dramatic rise in the average temperature of the globe. Identification and reduction of the major sources of GHG emissions is key the reduction in the average world temperature. This research assessed the quantity and pattern of GHG emissions in a typical Nigerian University campus using Bayero University Kano new campus as a case study. Emissions from electricity usage, transportation, solid waste management and cooking fuels were assessed using IPCC’s guideline for assessment and reporting GHG emissions. It was found that the estimated annual GHGs emission of the Campus is 7,914tCO2e. Sixty-one percent of the campus’ emission was noted to be from electricity usage, while 30%, 7% and 1% of the campuses emissions were from transportation, solid wastes and burning of cooking fuels respectively. It was concluded that the campus’ per capita GHG emissions is lower than what is recommended by the Kyoto Protocol. Nevertheless, it can still be reduced by using electricity more efficiently, recovering energy from solid waste, provision and incentivising the use of mass transits.
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