A REVIEW ON ARCHITECTURES, PROTOCOLS AND TECHNOLOGIES THAT UNDERPIN GREEN MIGRATION FROM 4G TO 5G
Publication Date : 24/01/2020
Over the years, the world of mobile communications system has brought about the rapid development experienced globally. Mobile communications technology has gone from 1G to 2G to 3G to 4G and now heading to 5G. In this paper, a review of architectures, protocols and technologies that underpin green migration from 4G to 5G has been presented. As the world is moving to green solutions, it is important to have the same solutions for our communication systems. The current systems have an undeniable amount of power consumption and dissipation as presented by figures in this paper, therefore there is a need for the communications system to be greener. In 5G when billions of devices will become connected to the internet then a question of the amount of energy these devices will consume and dissipate will arise. As a result, standards set by governing bodies that derive these systems to become greener have been presented. Finally, the technologies that will underpin the green migration from 4G to 5G will be discussed as well as challenges for the migration from 4G to 5G will be highlighted as well.
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