Publication Date : 01/08/2018

Author(s) :

Sahanunu Dahiru, Hassan A. Bashir.

Volume/Issue :
Volume 13
Issue 2
(08 - 2018)

Abstract :

Path loss analysis of Wi-Fi (IEEE 802.11x) signal propagation plays significant role in the plan and function of wireless local area networks (WLAN) applications. Path loss models are crucial in the planning of wireless network as they facilitate survey and mapping of a site for RF installation via simulation; thus, avoiding tedious physical measurements and serve as a guide to a network designer in determining the best location for network devices. Among others, path loss depends upon signal frequency, distance, antenna height and other environmental (medium) characteristics. Frequency and distance are the most important parameters for path loss calculation. This paper develops a modified Wiener II path loss model suitable for assessing Wi-Fi signal propagation through concrete wall. It analyses the effect of distance and frequency on the received signal quality. Empirically, a computer system running the inSSIDer software (a Wi-Fi network scanner application) was used to measure the received signal strength from a Wi-Fi signal source (access point); the measured results were recorded at every 10 m interval between the source (Wi-Fi Access point) and the destination (a personal computer). For the theoretical results, Wiener II model was simulated in Matlab and the result was also recorded. A comparison of both the empirical and theoretical results revealed that the original Wiener II model consistently deviates from the measured results by an average of 1.11%. The Wiener II model was modified by tuning its parameters based on the medium characteristics. The improved Wiener II model estimates the measured path loss with an average deviation of only 0.38% from the measured results.

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